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Lawmakers Want Safety Caps on Liquid Nicotine for E-cigarettes

Legislation proposed after spike in poisoning reports

WASHINGTON, D.C. – The stuff is called Cotton Candy, Fruity Loops and even Gummi Bear.

But this particular stuff is not a pack of bubble gum or bag of fruit chews you might see as you check out at your local convenience store.

It is, in fact, a highly toxic and still-unregulated form of concentrated liquid nicotine for use in vapor devices including so-called e-cigarettes.  And it’s hitting the marketplace nationwide in easy-to-open vials and small eye-dropper bottles available for purchase in stores and online.

“There’s enough nicotine in some of these bottles to kill small children, and even if a small amount spilled on a child’s skin it could make them extremely ill,” said U.S. Sen. Bill Nelson (D-FL).

Ingestion of liquid nicotine can cause vomiting and seizures and even death, a leading pediatricians’ group says.  And a recent New York Times report stated that a teaspoon of highly diluted liquid nicotine, whether ingested or absorbed through the skin, could kill a small child.

It’s already contributing to a surge in the number of reports of liquid-nicotine-related child poisonings.

Nationwide, according to the American Association of Poison Control Centers, there have been more than 1,500 calls regarding liquid nicotine exposure so far this year – a pace that will double last year’s total.  And the 1,351 cases reported last year represented a 300 percent increase from 2012.

In response, a group of lawmakers Thursday filed legislation aimed at child-proofing the small bottles.  The legislation is a simple but significant step toward assuring children’s and product safety, the lawmakers said.

Specifically, the Child Nicotine Poisoning Prevention Act of 2014 would direct the Consumer Product Safety Commission to issue rules requiring safer, child-resistant packaging for any liquid nicotine sold to consumers.  The bill already has drawn a number of cosponsors and here’s what some of them said:

“We require child-proof packaging for items like Tylenol, Drano, and mouthwash, but not liquid nicotine,” said Sen. Mark Pryor (D-AR).  “I have been working with industry on solutions, and was hopeful they would step up on their own.  However, we are seeing more and more children poisoned and even sent to the emergency room as a result of liquid nicotine.  We can’t afford to keep waiting.  Requiring child-proof packaging for these products is a common-sense solution to keep our kids safe.”

Besides the lawmakers, others, including the president of the American Academy of Pediatrics, are advocating for quick passage of the legislation.

“Liquid nicotine containers are not required to have the same child-proof packaging standards that pediatricians and parents depend on to keep children safe from products like household cleaners and prescription drugs,” said Dr. James M. Perrin, head of the pediatrics group.

“We cannot afford to wait any longer to protect children from potentially deadly nicotine ingestions,” Perrin said.

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